Fulfilled Bible Prophecy –
Bible prophecy that has already been fulfilled in the past is here, but that does not mean it won’t happen again in the future. According to Judaism, there are 4 basic levels of Bible study called pardes, which is an acronym for
peshat – literal,
remez – a hint or an allusion to something,
d’rush – to inquire line upon line and precept upon precept,
sod – what is hidden or concealed.
“What has been, it is what will be, And what has been done, it is what will be done. So there is nothing new under the sun.”
Pardes means orchard or garden of trees and is where the English word paradise is thought to come from, referring to the Garden of Eden. Today, pardes refers to Scripture. Pardes is a method of Bible study where a person seeks to understand the secrets Scripture has to reveal, focusing on 4 different levels of Bible interpretation; literal, allusion, line upon line, and what is hidden or concealed, things that are not plainly seen and require deep diving into Scripture to understand.
Jesus shows an example of pardes in Luke 24:13-35. After Jesus rose from the dead, He found two of His disciples walking down the road to Emmaus and He started talking to them, but they did not recognize Him because their eyes were supernaturally restrained. These two were sad because Jesus had just been crucified days before, and His body was missing from the tomb, but Jesus was no where to be found.
Most who followed Jesus had hoped He would rescue Israel from Roman oppression, sit on His throne in Jerusalem and live with them forever as they all ruled the world, because that is how most Jews interpreted Messianic prophecy. Jesus did not come just to save the Jews though, Jesus came to save the entire world! Little did most know because Yahweh has always had a plan. Jesus is the Lamb who has been slain since the foundation on the world, Revelation 13:8, since He created this world.
While Jesus and His two disciples were walking down the road to Emmaus, the two told Jesus why they were sad and Jesus replied by telling them they were not understanding what the prophets like Isaiah, Jeremiah and Daniel spoke. Jesus was supposed to suffer all these things He suffered so He would enter into His Glory. Beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, Jesus began explaining to them all the things in Scripture concerning Himself. The exact things Jesus explained, we do not know, but we do know pardes, and we do know all Scripture is prophetic and many times hidden meanings point to Messiah.
Types and shadows is the study of the deep things of God and are basically patterns that repeat. A type is usually a person, place, thing or event in the Old Testament that resembles a person place, thing or event in the New Testament, but it can also happen from Old Testament to Old Testament. A shadow is an imperfect image or copy of the final product, like an artist’s rough draft sketch of a future finished painting, or the finished product is the past source from a light that shines on something and causes that something’s shadow to exist. God transcends time, so there is no past, present or future with God, He has already seen it all.
Most of the types and shadows in the Old Testament point to Jesus and how He fulfilled them in the New Testament. A shadow eventually sets up the final piece to the puzzle, which is the anti-type, or the fulfillment of the type; the final product, the Beginning and the End. An example of a shadow is the Law of Moses.
For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect. –Hebrews 10:1
A shadow always points back to the original source of light, even past what is casting the shadow to the cause of the shadow being cast. A shadow is always a story within a story.